Mention eye diseases and Cataracts are usually the first thing that comes to mind for most people. While it remains the most common cause of blindness in the world (SingHealth), cataracts are not a danger to eye health as its symptoms surface early and treatment via surgery is safe and effective.

However, the same cannot be said for these 3 under-explained major eye conditions that also lead to vision loss:


Glaucoma (Open-angle Glaucoma/Tunnel Vision) is a leading cause of irreversible blindness, accounting for 40% of blindness in Singapore and almost 15% of the estimated blind in the world (SingHealth). Dubbed the ‘silent thief of sight’, the danger of glaucoma lies in its lack of symptoms and potential to cause total blindness if left untreated. By the time a patient realises they are losing peripheral vision, the disease would have already reached an advanced state.

While glaucoma risk increases disproportionately with age, due to its strong genetic basis, those with a family history of glaucoma may develop the disease as early as from the age of 20. Glaucoma remains unpreventable and incurable for now but fortunately, its progression can be controlled with early diagnosis and treatment.

Age-Related Macular Degeneration (AMD) is another leading cause of blindness afflicting those over 50 years old. In Singapore, 1 in 4 persons aged 60 and above suffers from AMD (SingHealth) as cells in their macula break down with age. As a chronic irreversible medical condition with no proven preventive medication, early diagnosis is key to improving the effectiveness of treatment and keeping it under control. Unlike Glaucoma, AMD results in loss of vision in the centre of the visual field and can be detected with the help of an Amsler Grid.

Diabetic Retinopathy is the damage to the retina caused by diabetes over time. 80% of people with long-standing diabetes will develop diabetic retinopathy (Singapore Eye Research Institute, 2001). As symptoms do not surface in its early stages, early diagnosis and treatment is crucial to prevent permanent damage to the eye. Doctors will usually check the eyes of diabetics during their annual check-up, allowing this condition to be more well-monitored than the rest.

Go for an eye health examination
In a bid to raise awareness about the importance of regular eye screenings in helping to diagnose eye conditions and prevent vision loss, we will be offering $5 eye health examinations (U.P. $25) throughout the month of April.

Our optometrists will perform a detailed eye exam through a non-invasive OCT (Optical Coherence Tomography) scan that can detect eye conditions before any symptoms surface.

DATE & TIME: 2—30 April 2018, Mon to Fri, 10:30am—7:00pm
ADDRESS: Kwong Shin, 231 Bain Street, Bras Basah Complex, #01-43, S(180231)
PRICE: $5 per screening (approx. 15 mins)

For more information on the eye exam, please email us at or call us at +65 6338 6766.

For more information on the definition, prevention, symptoms and treatment of major eye diseases, please read this document provided by SingHealth.